San Severino Marche is a little town with little more of thirteen thousands citizens in the hinterland of Macerata province, 50 kilometers from the sea and 50 kilometers from the Appennines.
The first human settlement in the territory goes back to the VII and V century b.C. as revealed by the archeological researches in this area which found the rests of a residential area and three necropolis.
In the I century b.C.in this area was a Roman city called Septempeda. The archeological researches revealed the rests of private "domus", of the temple to Feronia (a Sabine deity), the walls and a thermal complex.
Severino is a local Saint who has been the Bishop in the VI century and who gave the name to the city.
The lower part of San Severino Marche goes back to 944. The city has been one of the free Commons around 1170 and around the '200 it enlarged to reach the current dimensions.
The great artistic flourishing of San Severino Marche comes from the period of the Smeducci dominion. This family, while hated by the people for its unfair politics, had a great role as patron of the arts. After a brief period under the government of the Sforza family, this city went under the direct government of the Catholic Church.
The city is very rich with art works and monuments of extreme interest which leave the visitors pleasantly surprised and often breathless.
The most visible monument is with no doubts Piazza del Popolo, at the center of the city. It has an original spindle form and it is 224 meters long and 55 large. In the past centuries it became the high end place for the nobility of the city and the buildings surround it offer the best of the local architecture from the '500 till '900.
Theater Feronia, on a side of the square, while of small dimensions and with a modest facade, was built by the architect Ireneo Aleandri and the neo-classic structure inside is of great quality.
The area called Castello is the seat of the medioeval city. There are two wide parts of the walls and two doors of the city still left and on the top the two towers which are simble of the city, the city one, which still has a coat of arms with the ghibelline passing lion and the bell tower of the Ancient Duomo. This last one, built in the X century and many times renovated after that, enshrines the rest of San Severino and a valuable Renaissance wooden choir.
A kilometer away from the city center, on the 361 provincial street, there is the archeological area.
In the lower part of the city there are several monuments which deserve a visit.
We will mention here only a few of them.
Basilica of San Lorenzo in Doliolo, which enshrines the rests of the Saints Filomena, Ippolito and Giustino. Amongst the frescos in this church the most interesting is the cycle of the Histories of Sant'Andrea, painted by the Salimbeni brothers on the ceiling.
The New Duomo of Saint'Augustine, in addition to a beautiful facade from the fifteen century with a door decoarated with frescos attributed to Lorenzo d'Alessandro and earthnewares, the inside includes a cross in wood made by Acciaccaferri, a painting by Pomarancio and a table by the brothers Antonio and Giovanni Gentili.
The Sanctuary of the Madonna dei Lumi enshrines numerous paintings and frescos by unknown artists and by Felice Damiani, Andrea Sacchi, Giulio Lazzarelli, Giuseppe Aloe.
San Severino Marche also has a City Picture Gallery, where you can admire frescos by Salimbeni, two polyptycs by Niccolò Alunno and Vittore Crivelli and one by Paolo Veneziani.
The archeological museum enshrines findings from the researches around San Severino Marche which goes from the paleolitic period to the middle age.
The first two weeks of June there is the Palio dei Castelli, an historical commemoration centered on the 1400 when the Smeducci family was governing the city. During these two weeks it is possible to attend the Ride of the Towers where the various hamlets of the city are facing each other in an ancient ride. Beautiful is also the procession where the citizens are walking in the city dressed in the costumes of the times.
What surprise of this city in addition to the the quantity of monuments, art works and cultural richness, is the Renaissance atmosphere and the serenity that you can feel walking in the streets.
There are numerous walks possible in the hills, discovering trees which are considered monuments for their size, beauty and age and which are in itself an unforgettable show.
The cuisine of San Severino Marche, as in the rest of the region Marche, is a mixture of old and new tastes all harmonious and exquisite. The citizens are hospitable and smiling.
San Severino Marche is one of the infinite good reasons to rent a holiday apartment in the region Marche.